Digital Economy and Society Index

The Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) is a composite index that summarises some 30 relevant indicators on Europe’s digital performance and tracks the evolution of EU Member States, across five main dimensions: Connectivity, Human Capital, Use of Internet, Integration of Digital Technology, Digital Public Services. Read reports and methodological notes.

The following table provides methodological information about the source, the scope and the definition of each indicator. For more details, click on the links in the table or explore the whole database.

Indicator Definition and scope Time coverage Explore more using SPARQL queries Source
DESI Overall Index
Digital Economy and Society Index Notation: DESI
Definition: DESI overall index, calculated as the weighted average of the five main DESI dimensions: 1 Connectivity (25%), 2 Human Capital (25%), 3 Use of Internet (15%), 4 Integration of Digital Technology (20%) and 5 Digital Public Services (15%).
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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DESI Dimensions
1 Connectivity Notation: DESI_1_CONN
Definition: DESI Connectivity Dimension calculated as the weighted average of the four sub-dimensions: 1a Fixed Broadband (33%), 1b Mobile Broadband (22%), 1c Speed (33%), 1d Affordability (11%).
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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2 Human Capital Notation: DESI_2_HC
Definition: DESI Human Capital Dimension calculated as the weighted average of the two sub-dimensions: 2a Basic Skills and Usage (50%), 2b Advanced skills and Development (50%)
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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3 Use of Internet Notation: DESI_3_UI
Definition: DESI Use of Internet Dimension calculated as the weighted average of the three sub-dimensions: 3a Content (33%), 3b Communication (33%), 3c Transactions (33%)
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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4 Integration of Digital Technology Notation: DESI_4_IDT
Definition: DESI Integration of Digital Technology Dimension calculated as the weighted average of the two sub-dimensions: 4a Business digitization (60%), 4b eCommerce (40%)
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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5 Digital Public Services Notation: DESI_5_DPS
Definition: DESI Digital Public Services Dimension calculated as the weighted average of the two sub-dimensions: 5a eGovernment (67%), 5b eHealth (33%)
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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DESI Sub-dimensions
1a Fixed Broadband Notation: DESI_1A_FBB
Definition: DESI Fixed Broadband sub-dimension calculated as the weighted average of the normalised indicators: 1a1 Fixed BB Coverage (50%), 1a2 Fixed BB Take-up (50%)
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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1b Mobile Broadband Notation: DESI_1B_MBB
Definition: DESI Mobile Broadband sub-dimension calculated as the weighted average of the normalised indicators: 1b1 Mobile BB Take-up (50%), 1b2 Spectrum (50%)
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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1c Speed Notation: DESI_1C_SPEED
Definition: DESI Speed sub-dimension calculated as the weighted average of the normalised indicators: 1c1 NGA Coverage (50%), 1c2 Subscriptions to Fast BB (50%)
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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1d Affordability Notation: DESI_1D_AFF
Definition: DESI Affordability sub-dimension calculated as the weighted average of the normalised indicators: 1d1 Fixed BB Price (100%)
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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2a Basic Skills and Usage Notation: DESI_2A_BSU
Definition: DESI Basic Skills and Usage sub-dimension calculated as the weighted average of the normalised indicators: 2a1 Internet Users (50%), 2a2 Basic Digital Skills (50%)
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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2b Advanced skills and Development Notation: DESI_2B_ASD
Definition: DESI Advanced Skills and Development sub-dimension calculated as the weighted average of the normalised indicators: 2b1 ICT Specialists (50%), 2b2 STEM Graduates (50%)
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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3a Content Notation: DESI_3A_CONT
Definition: DESI Content sub-dimension calculated as the weighted average of the normalised indicators: 3a1 News (25%), 3a2 Music, Videos and Games (25%), 3a3 Video on Demand (25%), 3a4 IPTV (25%)
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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3b Communication Notation: DESI_3B_COMM
Definition: DESI Communication sub-dimension calculated as the weighted average of the normalised indicators: 3b1 Video Calls (50%), 3b2 Social Networks (50%)
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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3c Transactions Notation: DESI_3C_TRANS
Definition: DESI Transactions sub-dimension calculated as the weighted average of the normalised indicators: 3c1 Banking (50%), 3c2 Shopping (50%)
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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4a Business digitization Notation: DESI_4A_BD
Definition: DESI Business Digitisation sub-dimension calculated as the weighted average of the normalised indicators: 4a1 Electronic Information Sharing (20%), 4a2 RFID (20%), 4a3 Social Media (20%), 4a4 eInvoices (20%), 4a5 Cloud (20%)
Notes: DESI 2014 does not comprise the indicator 4a5 Cloud, the weights of the remaining indicators are adjusted at 25% each.
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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4b eCommerce Notation: DESI_4B_ECOMM
Definition: DESI eCommerce sub-dimension calculated as the weighted average of the normalised indicators: 4b1 SMEs Selling Online (33%), 4b2 eCommerce Turnover (33%), 4b3 Selling Online Cross-border (33%)
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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5a eGovernment Notation: DESI_5A_EGOV
Definition: DESI eGovernment sub-dimension calculated as the weighted average of the normalised indicators: 5a1 eGovernment Users (25%), 5a2 Pre-filled Forms (25%), 5a3 Online Service Completion (25%), 5a4 Open Data (25%)
Notes: DESI 2014 does not comprise the indicator 5a4 Open Data, the weights of the remaining indicators are adjusted at 33% each.
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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DESI Individual Indicators
1a1 Fixed BB Coverage Notation: DESI_1A1_FBBC
Definition: Standard fixed broadband coverage, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Point Topic Study on broadband coverage
1a2 Fixed BB Take-up Notation: DESI_1A2_FBBTU
Definition: Households that have a fixed Broadband connection, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Eurostat - ICT Households survey
1b1 Mobile BB Take-up Notation: DESI_1B1_MBBTU
Definition: Mobile broadband take-up, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Communications Committee survey
1b2 Spectrum Notation: DESI_1B2_SPEC
Definition: Percentage of assigned spectrum out of the target to be harmonised at EU level, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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European Commission Services
1c1 NGA Coverage Notation: DESI_1C1_NGAC
Definition: Households covered by NGA broadband, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Point Topic Study on broadband coverage
1c2 Subscriptions to Fast BB Notation: DESI_1C2_SFBB
Definition: Share of fixed broadband subscriptions >= 30 Mbps, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Communications Committee survey
1d1 Fixed BB Price Notation: DESI_1D1_FBBP
Definition: Monthly cost of the least expensive fixed broadband subscription with speed of 12 to 30 Mbps, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Broadband Internet Access Cost (BIAC) annual studies
2a1 Internet Users Notation: DESI_2A1_IU
Definition: Individuals whose frequency of Internet access is at least once a week, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Eurostat - ICT Households survey
2a2 Basic Digital Skills Notation: DESI_2A2_BDS
Definition: Individuals with basic or above basic digital skills, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2016 - 2016 Find countries
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Pilot of new Digital Skills Indicators
2b1 ICT Specialists Notation: DESI_2B1_ICTSPEC
Definition: Persons Employed with ICT Specialist Skills, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Eurostat - Labour force survey
2b2 STEM Graduates Notation: DESI_2B2_STEMG
Definition: Science and technology graduates, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Eurostat education statistics
3a1 News Notation: DESI_3A1_NEWS
Definition: Individuals who used the Internet to read online news sites, newspapers or news magazines, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Eurostat - ICT Households survey
3a2 Music, Videos and Games Notation: DESI_3A2_MVG
Definition: Individuals who used the Internet to play or download games, images, films or music, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Eurostat - ICT Households survey
3a3 Video on Demand Notation: DESI_3A3_VOD
Definition: Percentage of households subcribing to any form of Video on Demand, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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IHS TV Media Intelligence
3b1 Video Calls Notation: DESI_3B1_VIDCALL
Definition: Individuals who used the Internet to make telephone or video calls, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Eurostat - ICT Households survey
3b2 Social Networks Notation: DESI_3B2_SOCNET
Definition: Individuals used the Internet to participate in social networks (create user profile, post messages or other contributions to facebook, twitter, etc.), normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Eurostat - ICT Households survey
3c1 Banking Notation: DESI_3C1_BANK
Definition: Individuals who used the Internet to use online banking, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Eurostat - ICT Households survey
3c2 Shopping Notation: DESI_3C2_SHOP
Definition: Individuals who ordered goods or services online, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Eurostat - ICT Households survey
4a1 Electronic Information Sharing Notation: DESI_4A1_EIS
Definition: Enterprises who have ERP software package to share information between different functional areas, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Eurostat - ICT Enterprises survey
4a2 RFID Notation: DESI_4A2_RFID
Definition: Enterprises using Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technologies for after sales product identification or as part of the production and service delivery, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Eurostat - ICT Enterprises survey
4a3 Social Media Notation: DESI_4A3_SOCMED
Definition: Enterprises that use two or more types of social media, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Eurostat - ICT Enterprises survey
4a4 eInvoices Notation: DESI_4A4_EINV
Definition: Enterprises sending e-invoices suitable for automatic processing, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Eurostat - ICT Enterprises survey
4a5 Cloud Notation: DESI_4A5_CLOUD
Definition: Buy Cloud Computing services of medium-high sophistication, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2015 - 2016 Find countries
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Eurostat - ICT Enterprises survey
4b1 SMEs Selling Online Notation: DESI_4B1_SMESO
Definition: Enterprises selling online (at least 1% of turnover), normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Eurostat - ICT Enterprises survey
4b2 eCommerce Turnover Notation: DESI_4B2_ECOMTURN
Definition: Enterprises' total turnover from e-commerce, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Eurostat - ICT Enterprises survey
4b3 Selling Online Cross-border Notation: DESI_4B3_SELLCB
Definition: Enterprises that did electronic sales to other EU countries, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Eurostat - ICT Enterprises survey
5a1 eGovernment Users Notation: DESI_5A1_EGOVU
Definition: Individuals sending filled forms to public authorities, over the internet, last 12 months, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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Eurostat - ICT Households survey
5a2 Pre-filled Forms Notation: DESI_5A2_PREFFORM
Definition: Amount of data that is pre-filled in Public Services' online forms (Authentic sources Key Enabler indicator of eGovernment benchmark), normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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eGovernment Benchmark
5a3 Online Service Completion Notation: DESI_5A3_OSERCOMP
Definition: Share of the steps in a Public Service life event that can be completed online (Online availability sub-indicator for User centricity of the eGovernment benchmark), normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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eGovernment Benchmark
5a4 Open Data Notation: DESI_5A4_OPENDATA
Definition: Score in the European PSI Scoreboard measuring the status of Open Data and PSI re-use throughout the EU, normalised indicator
Notes: scores normalised between 0 and 1
2015 - 2016 Find countries
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ePSI Scoreboard
DESI Overall Index - weight sliders
Digital Economy and Society Index Notation: DESI_SLIDERS
Definition: DESI overall index, calculated as the weighted average of the five main DESI dimensions with the weights selected by the user: 1 Connectivity, 2 Human Capital, 3 Use of Internet, 4 Integration of Digital Technology and 5 Digital Public Services.
2014 - 2016 Find countries
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